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Bill Number: 3169 Ratification Number: 729 Act Number 590 Introducing Body: House Subject: Disposal of hazardous waste
(A590, R729, H3169)
AN ACT TO AMEND THE CODE OF LAWS OF SOUTH CAROLINA, 1976, BY ADDING SECTION 44-56-59 SO AS TO MAKE FINDINGS AND DECLARATIONS BY THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY WITH RESPECT TO THE DISPOSAL OF HAZARDOUS WASTE IN THIS STATE; AND TO AMEND SECTION 44-56-60, AS AMENDED, RELATING TO THE REQUIREMENT FOR OBTAINING AND ISSUING PERMITS FOR HAZARDOUS WASTE TREATMENT, STORAGE, OR DISPOSAL, SO AS TO REQUIRE THE DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENTAL CONTROL TO EVALUATE ANNUALLY TECHNOLOGIES AND METHODS TO REDUCE THE VOLUME OF HAZARDOUS WASTE AND REPORT ITS RESULTS TO THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY BEFORE THE FIRST DAY OF FEBRUARY BEGINNING IN 1991, AND TO REDUCE OVER TWO YEARS THE AMOUNT OF HAZARDOUS WASTE THAT MAY BE DISPOSED OF ANNUALLY BY BURIAL FROM ONE HUNDRED THIRTY-FIVE THOUSAND TONS TO ONE HUNDRED TEN THOUSAND TONS, TO AUTHORIZE THE COMMISSIONER OF THE DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENTAL CONTROL TO ALLOW LAND DISPOSAL IN EXCESS OF THE ANNUAL LIMIT UPON THE APPROPRIATE CERTIFICATION, TO REQUIRE THE OPERATOR OF A HAZARDOUS WASTE DISPOSAL FACILITY OR SITE TO RESERVE ANNUALLY CAPACITY TO DISPOSE OF SOUTH CAROLINA GENERATED HAZARDOUS WASTE AT LEAST EQUAL TO THE IN-STATE WASTE DISPOSED OF AT THAT SITE OR FACILITY IN THE PREVIOUS YEAR, AND TO PROVIDE EXCEPTIONS, AND TO PROHIBIT THE BURIAL IN A TWELVE-MONTH PERIOD IN THIS STATE OF MORE OUT-OF-STATE GENERATED HAZARDOUS WASTE THAN WAS BURIED IN THE PREVIOUS TWELVE MONTHS.
Be it enacted by the General Assembly of the State of South Carolina:
SECTION 1. Chapter 56, Title 44 of the 1976 Code is amended by adding:
"Section 44-56-59. (A) The General Assembly finds:
(1) The existing commercial land disposal facility in South Carolina and available capacity in this State generally are limited resources;
(2) It is essential that the limited waste treatment and disposal capacity of the existing commercial facility and the State in general be preserved, ready and available to ensure that the needs of South Carolina are met first;
(3) The existing commercial land disposal facility as well as other hazardous waste treatment and disposal facilities must give preference to hazardous waste generators within the State for treatment and disposal of hazardous materials at licensed facilities in the State;
(4) The General Assembly and the Executive Branch have mandated restrictions on the importation of out-of-state wastes and on the capacity of existing hazardous waste landfills; and
(5) Reducing the amount of hazardous waste shipped to South Carolina commercial facilities will send a message to all states that South Carolina intends to reduce to the greatest extent possible the amount of hazardous waste treated and disposed of in this State.
(B) Based upon these findings, the General Assembly declares that:
(1) Landfilling is the least desirable method of managing hazardous waste and, in order to reduce potential risks to human health and the environment, reliance on landfilling must be reduced or eliminated when alternative disposal methods which are technologically and economically feasible are reasonably available within the State, through regional agreements between states, or through other means; and
(2) As this State reduces its reliance on landfilling through its waste minimization practices and other means, the amount of hazardous waste being shipped into this State for landfilling from locations outside of the State should be reduced and eliminated also."
SECTION 2. Section 44-56-60(a) of the 1976 Code is amended to read:
"(a) (1) In order to provide the General Assembly with the information it needs to accomplish the above goals, the Department of Health and Environmental Control shall evaluate annually the effects of new and existing waste management technologies, alternate methods of storage or disposal, recycling, incineration, waste minimization laws and practices, and other factors that tend to reduce the volume of hazardous waste. The results of the department's evaluation must be reported to the General Assembly not later than February first of each year, beginning in 1991, in a form that will permit the General Assembly to determine whether or not hazardous waste landfill capacity in this State should be reduced.
(2) No person may construct, substantially alter, or operate a hazardous waste treatment, storage, or disposal facility or site, nor may a person transport, store, treat, or dispose of hazardous waste without first obtaining a permit from the department for the facility, site, or activity. Beginning July 1, 1990, permitted hazardous waste disposal sites are restricted to a rate of land disposal by burial not to exceed one hundred twenty thousand tons of hazardous waste for the twelve-month period ending July 1, 1991. On July 1, 1991, permitted hazardous waste disposal sites are restricted to a rate of land disposal by burial not to exceed one hundred ten thousand tons of hazardous waste for each twelve-month period thereafter within the permitted area of the site.
(3) During a twelve-month period, the commissioner may allow land disposal by burial in excess of the limitation upon certification of the department that:
(A) disposal by land burial from a particular site in South Carolina is necessary to protect the health and safety of the people of this State; or
(B) at least one hundred ten thousand tons of hazardous waste disposed of by land burial in this State during the twelve-month period was generated in South Carolina.
During each twelve-month period, a person operating a hazardous waste disposal facility or site shall reserve at least the same capacity to dispose of hazardous waste generated in South Carolina that was disposed of by burial at that facility or site during the previous year excluding capacity that was used to dispose of hazardous waste pursuant to subitem (A). No more hazardous waste from out of state shall be buried in South Carolina than was buried in the previous twelve-month period.
Certification must be issued to the party seeking to use land disposal of the waste, and the certification must be presented to the operator of the facility at the time of disposal. The facility shall submit this certification with its regular report to the department of permitted activity at the disposal site."
SECTION 3. This act takes effect upon approval by the Governor.
Approved the 13th day of June, 1990.