South Carolina General Assembly
109th Session, 1991-1992

Bill 703

                    Current Status

Introducing Body:               Senate
Bill Number:                    703
Ratification Number:            204
Act Number:                     135
Primary Sponsor:                Lourie
Type of Legislation:            GB
Subject:                        Manufactured Home Park Tenancy
Companion Bill Number:          3585
Date Bill Passed both Bodies:   Jun 05, 1991
Computer Document Number:       NO5/7225.BD
Governor's Action:              S
Date of Governor's Action:      Jun 12, 1991
Introduced Date:                Feb 26, 1991
Date of Last Amendment:         Jun 04, 1991
Last History Body:              ------
Last History Date:              Jun 12, 1991
Last History Type:              Act No. 135
Scope of Legislation:           Statewide
All Sponsors:                   Lourie
Type of Legislation:            General Bill


 Bill  Body    Date          Action Description              CMN
 ----  ------  ------------  ------------------------------  ---
 703   ------  Jun 12, 1991  Act No. 135
 703   ------  Jun 12, 1991  Signed by Governor
 703   ------  Jun 06, 1991  Ratified R 204
 703   Senate  Jun 05, 1991  Concurred in House amendment,
                             enrolled for ratification
 703   House   Jun 05, 1991  Read third time, returned
                             with amendment
 703   House   Jun 04, 1991  Amended, read second time
 703   House   May 30, 1991  Debate adjourned until
                             Tuesday, June 4
 703   House   May 30, 1991  Reconsidered vote whereby
                             debate was adjourned
 703   House   May 30, 1991  Debate adjourned until
                             Tuesday, June 4
 703   House   May 22, 1991  Debate adjourned until
                             Tuesday, May 28
 703   House   May 22, 1991  Amended
 703   House   May 15, 1991  Committee Report: Favorable     26
                             with amendment
 703   House   Apr 30, 1991  Introduced, read first time,    26
                             referred to Committee
 703   Senate  Apr 29, 1991  Read third time, sent to House
 703   Senate  Apr 25, 1991  Read second time, notice of
                             general amendments
 703   Senate  Apr 24, 1991  Committee Report: Favorable     11
 703   Senate  Feb 26, 1991  Introduced, read first time,    11
                             referred to Committee

View additional legislative information at the LPITS web site.

(Text matches printed bills. Document has been reformatted to meet World Wide Web specifications.)

(A135, R204, S703)


Be it enacted by the General Assembly of the State of South Carolina:

Manufactured Home Park Tenancy Act

SECTION 1. Title 27 of the 1976 Code is amended by adding:


Manufactured Home Park Tenancy Act

Article 1

General Provisions and Definitions

Subarticle I

Short Title, Construction, and Purpose

Section 27-47-10. This chapter is known as the South Carolina Manufactured Home Park Tenancy Act.

Section 27-47-20. (A) This chapter must be construed liberally and applied to promote its underlying purposes and policies.

(B) The underlying purposes and policies of this chapter are to:

(1) provide for the rights and obligations of manufactured home owners and manufactured home park owners and clarify the law governing the renting or leasing of residential lots in a manufactured home park in which five or more lots are offered for rent or lease;

(2) encourage manufactured home park owners and manufactured home owners to maintain and improve the quality of housing.

Subarticle II

Scope and Jurisdiction

Section 27-47-110. This chapter applies to, regulates, and determines the rights, obligations, and remedies under a rental agreement for a residential manufactured home park lot located within this State.

Section 27-47-120. The following tenancies are not governed by this chapter:

(1) in which both a manufactured home and a manufactured home lot are rented or leased by the resident;

(2) in which a rental space is offered for occupancy by a vehicle which primarily is designed as temporary living quarters for recreational camping or travel use and which either has its own motor power or is mounted on or drawn by another vehicle;

(3) at a manufactured home park in which fewer than five lots are offered for rent or lease.

Section 27-47-130. Jurisdiction and service of process must be determined pursuant to Section 27-40-130 with respect to a claim arising from a transaction to which this chapter applies.

Subarticle III

General Definitions and Interpretation

of Principles; Notice

Section 27-47-210. Subject to additional definitions contained in other provisions of law which apply to this chapter and unless the context otherwise requires:

(1) `Manufactured home' means a structure transportable in one or more sections which in the traveling mode is eight body feet or more in width or forty body feet or more in length or when erected on site is three hundred twenty or more square feet and which is built on a permanent chassis and designed to be used as a dwelling with or without a permanent foundation when connected to the required utilities and includes the plumbing, heating, air conditioning, and electrical systems contained in the structure.

(2) `Manufactured home owner' or `resident' means a person who owns a manufactured home and rents or leases a lot within a manufactured home park for residential use.

(3) `Manufactured home park' means a use of land in which lots or spaces are offered for rent or lease for the placement of manufactured homes and in which the primary use of the park is residential.

(4) `Manufactured home park owner' or `owner' means an owner or operator of a manufactured home park.

(5) `Rental agreement' means a written mutual understanding or lease between a resident and an owner in which the resident may place his manufactured home on a lot for direct or indirect remuneration of the owner.

(6) `Tenancy' means the temporary possession or occupancy of a manufactured home park lot by a resident pursuant to a rental agreement.

(7) `User fees' means the amounts charged in addition to the lot rental amount for nonessential optional services provided by or through the owner to the resident under a separate written agreement between the resident and the person furnishing the service.

Section 27-47-220. Every duty under this chapter and every act which must be performed as a condition precedent to the exercise of a right or remedy under this chapter imposes an obligation of good faith in its performances or enforcement.

Section 27-47-230. Unconscionability must be determined according to Section 27-40-230.

Section 27-47-240. Notice must be given pursuant to Section 27-40-240.

Subarticle IV

General Provisions

Section 27-47-310. (A) An owner who offers for lease a space in a manufactured home park shall provide to the resident an agreement in writing containing the terms by which the space is leased. The written agreement must comply with this section.

(B) The duration of the lease must be stated in the agreement and may be of a length agreed upon by the owner and resident.

(C) If the agreement provides an option for renewal, the amount of rent to be paid for tenancy during the option must be stated in the agreement.

(D) The rental agreement must specify:

(1) location and approximate size of the lot leased pursuant to the agreement;

(2) monthly rental rate;

(3) date payment is due;

(4) place of payment;

(5) personal property, services, and facilities provided by the owner;

(6) regulations governing residency which, if violated, may be cause for eviction;

(7) statement of amounts to be paid by the resident including, but not limited to, security deposits, service fees, and installation charges;

(8) improvements, if any, which the resident may make to the rental lot including landscaping;

(9) improvements, if any, required to be made by the resident;

(10) restrictions, if any, regarding pets, children, number of occupants, and vehicle storage;

(11) notice required to exercise option for renewal or to terminate tenancy.

(E) During the rental agreement a user fee must not be charged by the owner to the resident for a service or amenity which previously was provided and included in the lot rental amount unless there is a corresponding decrease in the amount within the terms of the contract.

Article 3

Manufactured Home Park Owner's Obligations

Section 27-47-410. (A) An owner shall disclose his name and address or a person authorized to act as his agent for the purposes of service of process and receiving or receipting notices and demands. The information required to be furnished by this section must be kept current, and this section may be enforced against a successor owner.

(B) A person authorized to enter into a rental agreement on behalf of an owner who fails to comply with this section with regard to a rental agreement entered into on behalf of the owner becomes his agent for purposes of that rental agreement for:

(1) service of process and receiving and receipting notices and demands;

(2) performing the obligations of the owner under this chapter and under the rental agreement and expending or making available for the performance of the obligations rent collected from the resident and retained by the person on behalf of the owner.

Section 27-47-420. When a tenancy is to continue beyond the original term a resident must be given notice by the owner at least thirty days in advance of the effective date of a new rental rate.

Section 27-47-430. The owner has the burden of proving a manufactured home located in the park is unsafe or unsanitary or fails to meet the park's aesthetic standards. A resident must not be forced to make an aesthetic change to his home's original design which would create undue financial hardship and which is contrary to the terms of the rental agreement during the term of the rental agreement. This section does not prohibit a park from requiring compliance with new or upgraded aesthetic standards which apply generally to homes in the park upon expiration of the lease term or upon a continuance of a tenancy beyond the original term. However, notice of the requirement must be given by the owner to the tenant at least thirty days before the effective date of the change.

Section 27-47-440. (A) The purchaser of a manufactured home may not become a resident of a manufactured home park without the approval of the owner. Approval by the owner must not be withheld unreasonably. The purchaser has the burden of proof as to whether approval or disapproval is unreasonable.

(B) The owner has fifteen days after receiving the purchaser's written application for entry to the park to notify him in writing of approval or disapproval. Notice is complete upon deposit in the United States mail addressed to the purchaser at the address stated in his application. If the owner fails to act within fifteen days, the application is approved.

Section 27-47-450. An owner shall provide access to the common areas of the park at reasonable times for the benefit of residents and their guests and maintain in proper working condition the utility connections and systems.

Section 27-47-460. An owner is not the guarantor of the safety of residents or invitees but shall exercise due care to keep the portion of the premises under the owner's control in a reasonably safe condition.

Section 27-47-470. An owner shall take reasonable steps to maintain the cleanliness and appearance of the common areas of the park.

Article 5

Resident's Obligations

Section 27-47-510. A resident shall:

(1) comply with the obligations of applicable provisions of the building, housing, and health codes;

(2) keep his manufactured home lot clean;

(3) comply with regulations and the rental agreement and require other persons in the park with his consent to comply and conduct themselves in a manner that does not disturb other residents unreasonably or violate the rental agreement;

(4) keep his rent current;

(5) give written notice to the owner whether he desires to continue the tenancy beyond the original term within thirty days of receiving notice of a new rental rate under Section 27-47-420.

Section 27-47-520. Upon termination of a tenancy, monies held by the owner as a security deposit or prepaid rent must be returned less amounts withheld by the owner for accrued rent or damages the owner has suffered by reason of the resident's noncompliance with Section 27-47-510. Deductions must be itemized in a written notice to the resident within thirty days after termination of the tenancy. The resident shall provide the owner a forwarding address. The owner is not liable for damages if the resident does not provide a forwarding address and the owner has no notice of the resident's address and mails the notice to the resident's last known address. If the owner does not return monies due the resident, he may recover an amount equal to three times the amount wrongfully withheld and reasonable attorney's fees.

Section 27-47-530. (A) An owner may evict a resident for one or more of the following reasons:

(1) failure to comply with local, state, or federal laws governing manufactured homes after he receives written notice of noncompliance and has had a reasonable opportunity to remedy the violation;

(2) engaging in repeated conduct that interferes with the quiet enjoyment of the park by other residents;

(3) noncompliance with a provision of the rental agreement or park regulations and failure to remedy the violation within fourteen days after written notice by the owner. If the remedy requires longer than fourteen days, the owner may allow the resident in good faith to extend the time to a specified date;

(4) not paying rent within five days of its due date;

(5) noncompliance with a law or a provision in the rental agreement or park regulations affecting the health, safety, or welfare of other residents in the park or affecting the physical condition of the park;

(6) wilfully and knowingly making a false or misleading statement in the rental agreement or application;

(7) taking of the park or the part of it affecting the resident's lot by eminent domain;

(8) other reason sufficient under common law.

(B) A writ of ejectment may not issue within thirty days of written notice to the resident of the commencement of the eviction action except for eviction pursuant to subsection (A)(5).

Article 7

Notification of Sale of Park

and Rezoning

Section 27-47-610. If a park is sold but continues to operate as a park, the new owner shall notify residents of the change in ownership within thirty days after the date of closing of the sale.

Section 27-47-620. If an owner applies for rezoning of a park, a notice of the proposed rezoning must be posted at the park at least five days before the public hearing on the rezoning."

Time effective

SECTION 2. This act takes effect January 1, 1992.

Approved the 12th day of June, 1991.