Indicates Matter Stricken
Indicates New Matter
The House assembled at 10:00 A.M.
Deliberations were opened with prayer by the Chaplain of the House of Representatives, the Rev. Dr. Alton C. Clark as follows:
O Lord our God, we thank You for the promise that You will never leave or forsake us. Add to our strength that power which comes to those who call upon You. Lead us moment by moment and step by step in the right direction and to right conclusions. Help us to preserve for ourselves an inner serenity, an outward courtesy and an obedience to conscience in all that we think, say or do. Trusting You, leaning on Your strength, and taking hold of Your wisdom, may we go forth to achieve great things for You and for Your people.
We pray in faith to our Father ever ready to hear us. Amen.
After corrections to the Journal of the proceedings of yesterday, the SPEAKER ordered it confirmed.
The Joint Legislative Insurance Study Committee report was received and is printed in the Senate Journal of Friday, May 22.
To: Members of the General Assembly of South Carolina
The Joint Legislative Committee on Aging, created in 1969 by Concurrent Resolution H.1286 and in 1978 made a permanent committee by Act 402, is pleased to submit the Twenty-third Annual Report of the Committee.
/s/Representative Patrick B. Harris, Chairman
/s/Representative Dave C. Waldrop, Jr., Vice-Chairman
/s/Representative Denny Woodall Neilson
/s/Senator Isadore E. Lourie
/s/Senator Warren K. Giese
/s/Senator Ernest L. Passailaigue
/s/Gloria H. Sholin
/s/Thomas D. Stilwell
/s/Robert C. Wasson
Keller H. Barron, Research Director
Karen L. Jacobs, Research Assistant
Dale McCollough, Administrative Specialist
212 Blatt Building, PO Box 11867
Columbia, South Carolina 29211
Telephone: (803) 734-2995 Fax (803) 734-2925
I. Public Hearing and Committee Meetings
II. Legislation Introduced by the Committee
III. Selected Legislation Related to Aging
IV. Studies Pending
V. 1991-92 Appropriation Act
-Seniors' Legislative Day
-Legislative Extern Program
-Committee and Staff Liaison Activities
-Adult Abuse, Neglect and Exploitation,
Preliminary Report 1991,
Final Report 1992, Long Term Care Council
IX. SC Commission on Aging
A. County Homestead Tax Reimbursements 1990
B. Population and Percent Age 65 by County
The Annual Public Hearing of the Committee on Aging was held on September 11, 1991. Testimony was received from 37 persons representing individual interests, state agencies, commissions, organizations and service delivery groups.
The record of the hearing is available in the office of the Committee, 212 Blatt Building. Transcription copies are provided to appropriate state agencies and upon request to individuals and organizations.
The Committee met on October 30, 1991 to review the public hearing testimony, to receive reports, to discuss proposed legislation and to determine the 1992 legislative priorities.
Chairman Harris and members received the "Preliminary Report of the Advisory Committee on Adult Abuse, Neglect and Exploitation" of the Long Term Care Council on December 1, 1991 and the "Final Report" on April 23,1992, fulfilling the mandate of Act 178 of 1990.
Copies of Acts, Bills, and Bill Status may be obtained from Legislative Information 1-800-922-1539, 734-2060
RESTRICTED DRIVER'S LICENSE STUDY (H.4095, S.1114/R.338, Act No. 304) Effective Date: April 8, 1992
A Joint Resolution to direct the Department of Highways and Public Transportation with the South Carolina Commission on Aging and the State Agency of Vocational Rehabilitation to study the issuance and use of restricted driver's licenses for the aging and persons with handicapping conditions, by Jan. 1, 1993.
HEALTH CARE POWER OF ATTORNEY (H.3148, S.541/R.340, Act No. 306) Effective Date: April 8, 1992
To create a statutory form for the Durable Power of Attorney for Health Care. Passage of S.541 marks the culmination of fifteen years of legislative effort in South Carolina by the Committee on Aging and others to provide a legal framework and statutory forms to recognize the fundamental right of adult persons to control the decisions relating to the rendering of their own medical care when they are competent or incompetent.
These provisions include the Death with Dignity Act and "Declaration of a Desire for a Natural Death" introduced in 1977, passed in 1986, amended in 1988 and 1991; the Uniform Determination of Death Act 1984, Adult Health Care Consent Act 1990, amended, Act 306, 1992; Durable Power of Attorney for Health Care 1990, and the Health Care Power of Attorney Statutory Form, Act 306, 1992.
Signing ceremony by the Governor on May 20, 1992.
HOMEMAKER AND HOME HEALTH_AIDES CERTIFICATION PROCEDURES (S.1098, H.4094/R.408, Act No. 359) Effective Date: May 4, 1992
To put in statute the provisions of the Appropriations Act FY91-92 whereby the SC Commission on Aging will certify homemakers and home health aides, collect and disperse fees.
RIGHTS OF RESIDENTS IN LONG TERM CARE FACILITIES (S.1110, H.4093)
To conform the state Bill of Rights for Residents in Long Term Care Facilities to the federal law, included is the right to be informed of the refund policy , to choose a physician, to provide family access and to protect each individual from violation of his/her rights without establishing a pattern of violation, necessary under federal law. This bill provides coverage for individuals in facilities that do not accept Medicaid or Medicare. Residents must give a thirty (30) day notice if transferring.
STATUS: H.4093 _ PASSED HOUSE _ PASSED SENATE with amendment, pending concurrence in House with Senate amendment.
CREMATION CONSENT AMENDMENT (H.4096, S.1170)
To provide conditions for consent for cremation.
STATUS: H.4096 _ House Medical, Military, Public and Municipal Affairs. S.1170 _ Senate Medical Affairs
HOMESTEAD TAX EXEMPTION FAIR MARKET VALUE (H.4097, S.1159)
In addition to homestead exemption, to exempt after 1992, fair market value increases, including routine maintenance but not permanent improvements for qualifying residential property.
STATUS: H.4097 _ House Ways & Means
S.1159 _ Senate Finance
HOMESTEAD EXEMPTION INCREASE TO $25,000 (H.3029, S.316)
The first $20,000 of the Fair Market Value of the qualified applicant's home is exempted from property taxes. It has not increased since 1984. In 1990, the reimbursement to the counties was $29,297,869.79 with an average of $143.66 per person, to the municipalities $5,107,010.12 with an average of $62.85 per person. The fiscal impact of an increase to $25,000 was estimated at $9.4 million in 1991.
STATUS: H.3029 _ House Ways & Means.
S.316 _ Senate Finance. No action in 1991 or 1992.
SOCIAL SECURITY EARNINGS CAP (H.3047, S.346)
To memorialize Congress and the President of the United States to abolish the Social Security Earnings Limitations.
STATUS: H.3047 _ PASSED HOUSE 1991 _ referred to Senate Finance. S. 346 _ Senate Finance.
TAX CREDIT FOR ADULT DAY CARE PROGRAMS (H.3062, S.321)
Under legislation passed in 1990, employers may receive a tax credit for child day care programs. This bill would extend that credit to adult day care programs.
STATUS: H. 3062 _ House Ways & Means. S.321 _ Senate Finance, no action in 1991 or 1992.
HUMAN SERVICES PROCUREMENT CODE (H.3077, S.373)
These bills exempt human services which address critical needs from the state's procurement code, mandate that the criteria include quality of service, provider history, staff experience and qualifications, experience in the provision of these services to the target population and price.
After the introduction of these bills, the Human Services Coordinating Council convened a group of state agencies with SC Association of Council on Aging Directors' representatives to address mutual concerns. The Task Force met four times in 1991 and conducted simultaneous state and local level surveys to gather information about services contracted to Aging Network agencies. Problems were identified, solutions explored and several changes were made or proposed. The group agreed to monitor the changes to see that they produce the desired results and maintain a periodic dialogue to identify other problems which might arise. The report of the Task Force was accepted by the Committee at its meeting on October 30, 1991.
STATUS: The Committee requested no action 1992.
IN-HOME CAREGIVER TAX CREDIT (S.342, H.3044 Senate Appropriation Bill, Part II, Section 7)
This bill passed the House in 1991 and was referred to the Senate Finance Committee. It was used as the vehicle for the 1992-93 Senate Appropriation Bill.
The provisions of the bill to extend the state income tax credit up to $300, presently allowed for nursing home care, to home and community based care was retained for 1992 only.
STATUS: Pending Appropriation Conference Committee
ELDERCARE TRUST FUND, INCOME TAX "CHECKOFF"
(H.4098, S.1136, Senate Appropriation Bill H.3044, Section 8)
To establish the Eldercare Trust Fund within the SC Commission on Aging and to provide SC taxpayers an opportunity to check off a contribution on their state income tax return to be dedicated to the development of home and community programs for the elderly.
STATUS: Pending Appropriation Conference Committee
SENIOR CENTER REVENUE BONDS
(H.3044, Senate Appropriation Bill, Section 13(A)(B))
The Budget and Control Board is authorized to levy revenue bonds to implement the Commission on Aging Senior Citizen Centers Program Improvement Plan. The principal and interest on the bonds must be paid from the additional bingo tax levied under the provisions.
STATUS: Pending Appropriation Conference Committee
CONTINUING CARE RETIREMENT COMMUNITIES
Proposed Permanent Regulation, Doc. No. 1433, was submitted by the Department of Consumer Affairs on March 3, and withdrawn and resubmitted on May 6th and 7th. It was referred to Senate Banking and Insurance and House Medical, Military Public, and Municipal Affairs Committees. This regulation carries out the Continuing Care Retirement Act which went into effect July 1, 1991.
STATUS: Pending House and Senate action or expiration of time during legislative session, to run until July 3, 1992
DURABLE POWER OF ATTORNEY (S .510/R.263, Act No. 256) Effective Date: February 18, 1992
Provides for validity and recording of Durable Power of Attorney valid in another state.
HEARING AIDS (S.588, H.3381/R.348, Act No. 312) Effective Date: April 8, 1992
To revise the Act after the Sunset Review by the State Reorganization Commission, including the revision of the definition and licensing of audiologists.
HIGHER EDUCATION FREE TUITION AMENDMENT (H.3351/R.275, Act No. 263) Effective Date: February 18, 1992
To delete a provision which prevents persons age sixty or over from being entitled to free tuition if his/her spouse receives compensation as a full-time employee.
HEALTH FACILITY LICENSURE SUSPENSION (H.4012, S.1106/R.380, Act No 339) Effective Date: April 23, 1992
To provide grounds for immediate suspension of health facility license by DHEC.
NURSING HOME/COMMUNITY RESIDENTIAL CARE FACILITY ADMINISTRATORS (H.4110, S.1171/R.376, Act No. ) Effective Date: May 4, 1992
To reauthorize for three years the existence of the SC Board of Nursing Home & Community Residential Care Facility Administrators.
NURSING HOME REGULATIONS - HOSPITALS (H.3224) Effective Date: March 17, 1992
A concurrent resolution to recommend that SC DHEC amend sections of the Department's Nursing Home Regulations for use by hospitals.
ABSENTEE BALLOT (H.3292)
To qualify persons 72 years of age or older to vote by absentee ballot.
STATUS: PASSED HOUSE _ Senate third reading
AUTO SAFETY DRIVING COURSE INCENTIVE (H.4264)
To provide for an appropriate reduction in premiums for automobile insurance for all persons who successfully complete a motor vehicle accident prevention course, approved by the Department of Highways and Public Transportation or the Department of Education.
STATUS: PASSED HOUSE _ Senate Banking and Insurance
HOMESTEAD PROPERTY TAX DEFERRAL (S.451)
To enact the Homestead Property Tax Deferral for the Elderly Act, income under $15,000.
STATUS: PASSED SENATE 1991 _ House Ways & Means
HOMESTEAD EXEMPTION - MEANS TEST (S.565)
To reduce the exemption from the first $20,000 to first $10,000 of Fair Market Value; to impose a means test for every household seeking eligibility above the new base of $10,000.
STATUS: Senate Finance 1991
HOMESTEAD EXEMPTION - CPI (H.3396)
To require the exemption amount to be adjusted annually to offset increases in the Consumer Price Index and to prescribe the procedure for making the adjustment.
STATUS: House Ways & Means 1991
HOMESTEAD EXEMPTION - LIFE ESTATES (S.353)
To delete the date by which life estates created other than by will are otherwise eligible for the exemption.
STATUS: PASSED SENATE 1991 _ House W&M
ADULT HEALTH CARE CONSENT ACT (H.3972)
To exclude the withholding or withdrawal of life sustaining procedures, nutrition, and hydration from the definition of health care in the Adult Health Care Consent Act.
STATUS: House Judiciary Subcommittee 1991
ENERGY (H.4379, S.1273)
To enact the SC Energy Conservation and Efficiency Bill 1992 ... to require the SC Dept. of Highways & Public Transportation the expend annually 1% of the total state appropriation on public transportation; Rural Transportation Authority to coordinate public transportation.
STATUS: H.4379 _ Special order debate interrupted.
S.1273 _ PASSED SENATE _ recalled 5/14 from House Agriculture Com.
•Housing Needs of Low and Moderate Income Elderly, with special attention to reverse mortgage program, SC Commission on Aging, Sept. 1, 1992
•Long Term Care Insurance Home/Community Optional Benefit, SC Commission on Aging, Dept. of Insurance, 1995 and 1997
•Impact of the Results of the Caregivers Survey, Institute of Governmental Affairs, USC, Summer 1992
•Restricted Driver's Licenses, Dept. of Highways & Public Transportation, South Carolina Commission on Aging, Dept. of Vocational Rehabilitation, January 1, 1993
•Balance Between Home and Community-Based Services and Institutional Services, Continuum of Care Policy Issue No. 1, Long Term Care Council, 1992
•Joint Health Care Planning and Oversite Committee, Sub-Committee, Sen. Harvey Peeler, Continuum of Care and Related Issues, 1992
AGENCY 91-92 APPROPRIATED
JT. LEGIS. COMMITTEE ON AGING
TOTAL AGENCY APPROPRIATION $79,211 $79,211
HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES FINANCE
COMMISSION (Section 38)
CLTC/ Home/ Community
Based Services $25,352,438 $6,788,327
Nursing Home Services 194,031,991 50,009,163
Pharmaceutical Services 77,465,718 17,698,723
Supp. Medical Insurance - Regular 39,025,489 9,400,732
DEPT. OF HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENTAL CONTROL
Total Home Health Services
and Long Term Care $38,657,926 $421,157
DEPT. OF SOCIAL SERVICES
General Assistance Payments Residential
Care Facilities $11,909,176 $11,909,176
ADULT PROTECTIVE SERVICES
Homemakers $2,698,125 $618,947
Personal Care Aide Services,
Temporary 1,155,845 0
S.C. COMMISSION ON AGING
Personal Service &
Operating Expenses $1,916,972 $880,720
Special Item-In-Home Services -
Elderly 1,060,250 235,250
McCormick Co. Intergenerational
Project 9,670 9,670
Senior Centers Permanent Improv.
Funds 948,000 0
Distribution to Sub-Divisions 11,452,070 0
AID TO SUBDIVISIONS (Section 122)
Total Homestead Exemption Reimbursements
Counties and Municipalities $34,104,468 $34,104,468
The status of legislation introduced by the Committee and other selected legislation related to aging interests is summarized periodically during the session. This publication entitled "Legislative Update" is very popular among legislators, the aging network organizations and interested individuals. Copies are distributed upon request.
The Committee also distributes two pamphlets. One gives a brief history of the Committee and includes a list of the members and legislative priorities and the other, "Aging Resources," lists state organizations, agencies, and legislative committees interested in aging issues.
This year the S.C. Federation of Older Americans along with S.C. American Association of Retired Persons, S.C. American Legion, Central Midlands Regional Planning Council, S.C. National Association of Social Workers, S.C. Commission on Aging, S.C. Department of Health and Environmental Control - Center for Health Promotion, S.C. Gerontological Society, S.C. Retired Educators Association, State Park Correctional Center, USC School of Public Health, and the Joint Legislative Committee on Aging co-sponsored the Annual Seniors' Legislative Day with the Legislature on January 23, 1992. The Steering Committee assisted in planning the day-long event, which was held at the Carolina Plaza in Columbia.
"Aging and Business: The Common Agenda" was the focus. The conference began with a keynote address from the Seniors' Legislative Day 1991 Legislator of the Year, Senator Warren K. Giese, District #22, Richland County. Concurrent workshops followed: Employment Opportunities for Seniors, Senior Adult Resources, Financial Planning and Retirement, the Legislative Process, and Coalition Building.
After Art Bjontegard, Vice-Chairman of the Board of Directors of South Carolina National Bank spoke at the legislative luncheon, awards were presented to Meg Hunt of the Spartanburg Herald for Media Coverage of the Year; Arzinia Horton of Lancaster as Volunteer of the Year and Representative Dick Elliott of Horry County as Legislator of the Year.
This year the Committee sponsored Melanie Clarkson from Agnes Scott College, Atlanta, Georgia during the week of January 13-17, 1992.
Members of the Committee and/or staff worked cooperatively throughout the year with the Standing Committees of the House and Senate, Long Term Care Council, Human Services Coordinating Council, Joint Health Care Planning and Oversight Committee, Commission on Aging, Tax Commission, Comptroller General's Office, Health and Human Services Finance Commission, Department of Consumer Affairs, State Library and the SC Retirement System Pre-Retirement Education.
Chairman Patrick B. Harris represents the Committee on the Health Care Planning and Oversight Committee, effective October 1, 1991 with the passage of Act 257 (Ethics Legislation); Chairman Harris and Senator Isadore Lourie no longer serve as ex-officio members of the S.C. Commission on Aging.
Keller H. Barron, Director of Research, is the designee for Chairman Harris on the Long Term Care Council and serves on the Agenda and Continuum of Care Committees. She also serves on the DHEC Medical Ethics Task Force.
The Committee staff assisted in the planning and coordination of the Patient Self-Determination Act Conference held September 13, 1991, Marriott Hotel, Columbia. The conference was sponsored by the Program in Ethics and Medical Humanities, Medical University of South Carolina, Albert H. Keller, Jr., Conference Director, and co-sponsored by the Long Term Care Council, SC Medical Association, SC Nurses Association, SC Hospital Association, SC Home Care Association, SC Christian Action Council, SC Health Care Association, SC Commission on Aging, SC National Assoc. of Social Workers, Hospice of SC, SC Health Eversion Centers, AARP. Over 500 people attended.
Our appreciation and best wishes go with Beth Mitchell, Research Assistant, who resigned March 1992, after five years with the Committee, to assume a position as Auditor, State Public Assistance, Governor's Office. She served on the Senior's Legislative Day Planning Committee, the SC Healthy Aging Coalition and the Advisory Committee on Adult Abuse, Neglect and Exploitation.
A "Preliminary Report" on Adult Abuse, Neglect and Exploitation from the Advisory Committee, Long Term Care Council was submitted December 1, 1991 and the "Final Report" was presented to Chairman Harris and the Committee members and to the Governor's representative Lee Catoe, Executive Assistant, Health and Human Services on April 23, 1992, by Ms. Paula Fendley, Long Term Care Policy Analyst, Health and Human Services Finance Commission.
The report makes recommendations regarding training needs, creation of an Adult Protection Coordination Council, advocacy, public awareness, employment, legal and care issues.
The Advisory Committee plans to continue work on the proposed Omnibus Adult Protection Act and expects to present the draft to the Committee at the Annual Public Hearing set for September 16, 1992.
The following publications are available from the Committee office and distributed upon request:
• Adult Day Care Survey of Needs of State Employees, 1991
• Aging Resources, 1992
• Annual Reports, 1970-1992
• Alzheimer's Disease: The Decision Making Process, Central Midlands Regional Planning Council, 1989
• Consumer's Guide to Long Term Care Insurance in South Carolina, 1990
• Declaration of a Desire for a Natural Death Form, 1991
• Directory of Continuing Care and Retirement Communities in S.C., 1989
• Health Care Power of Attorney Form, 1992
• Economic Impact of the Senior Living Industry in S.C., Department of Parks, Recreation and Tourism, 1991
• Elderly Advocates' Legislative Handbook, 1991
• Entitlement Rights for Medicare, Medicaid and Soc. Sec., 1990
• Preliminary Report, December 1991; Final Report, April 1992, Advisory Committee on Adult Abuse, Neglect and Exploitation of the Long Term Care Council
• Joint Legislative Committee on Aging, 1992
• Homestead Tax Exemption Program, Compt. General, 1991
• S.C. Senior Citizens Handbook, A Guide to Laws and Programs Affecting Senior Citizens, S.C. Bar, 1989
• South Carolina Mature Lifestyles, S.C. Retirement Association, Vol. 4, No. 1, 1991
• S.C. Nursing Home Admission Contracts, S.C. Bar, 1989
• Summary of Aging Legislation Enacted Through 1992
The South Carolina Commission on Aging is the state agency designated by the General Assembly to administer the provisions and funds of the Older Americans Act of 1965 and to plan, coordinate and serve as an advocate for programs and services in the areas of income, health, housing, employment, retirement and community and family-based services for the 500,000 plus older South Carolinians.
The "Aging Network" in South Carolina consists of 10 regional offices called Area Agencies on Aging which plan, develop and coordinate programs and services for older people then contract with 59 local aging services provider agencies.
Eldercare Trust Fund and State Income Tax Check-Off, Restricted Driver's License Study, In-Home Caregivers Tax Credit, Health Care Power of Attorney, Homemaker/Home Health Aide Certification, Adult Day Care Tax Credit for Employers.
THE HEALTHY AGING COALITION
The South Carolina Healthy Aging Coalition is a newly formed statewide organization whose mission is to contribute to the vitality, independence and years of healthy life of South Carolinians.
The Commission has received a federal grant to develop a state and three local coalitions to build new partnerships and develop new resources for communities to meet the needs of their older citizens.
AREA AGENCY ON AGING DESIGNATION
A new Area Agency on Aging has been designated for the Trident Planning and Service Area (PSA); Eldercare, Inc. a Charleston-based non-profit agency, will become the area agency on July 1, 1992. A free-standing area agency is being formed for the Catawba PSA.
MANAGEMENT INFORMATION SYSTEM (MIS)
The University of South Carolina and the Commission on Aging are developing a system to transmit data from the Client Information Systems by phone line to the Commission. The system will provide an unduplicated count of clients and services provided each client.
TOTAL QUALITY MANAGEMENT
The Commission has reorganized and implemented TQM as its internal management philosophy. All staff have completed a two day training program.
The Commission comprises one member from each congressional district, appointed by the Governor with the advice and consent of the Senate and one member of the State at large appointed by the Governor.
Chairperson: Mrs. Helen D. Brawley, Rock Hill, 1995
Vice Chair: Mr. Joseph C. Strickland, Columbia, 1992
Secretary: Dr. Susanne Geist Black, Dillon, 1994
Treasurer: Mrs. Erminie Nave, Greenwood, 1996
Mr. James A. Moore, Hampton, 1993
Dr. Nora K. Bell, Columbia, 1993
Mr. Charles D. LeGrand, Greenville, 1993
Mrs. Ruth Q. Seigler, R.N., M.N. - Executive Director
SC Commission on Aging
400 Arbor Lake Drive, Suite B-500
Columbia, South Carolina 29223
Phone: (803) 735-0210
Fax: (803) 786-7752 Senior Helpline: 1-800-868-9095
COUNTY NUMBER AMOUNT
Abbeville 2,096 306,943.50
Aiken 7,909 1,012,268.32
Allendale 802 134,952.80
Anderson 10,641 1,411,866.23
Bamberg 1,126 171,016.04
Barnwell 1,274 193,656.38
Beaufort 4,644 638,759.93
Berkeley 3,456 422,614.75
Calhoun 928 108,548.64
Charleston 13,339 2,118,527.72
Cherokee 3,255 398,567.99
Chester 2,643 422,960.21
Chesterfield 2,657 262,102.73
Clarendon 1,769 220,264.75
Colleton 2,597 355,176.50
Darlington 3,816 446,945.43
Dillon 1,614 168,178.98
Dorchester 2,913 475,949.28
Edgefield 1,122 153,833.58
Fairfield 1,585 258,232.28
Florence 6,210 663,919.94
Georgetown 3,310 460,301.11
Greenville 19,251 2,805,790.45
Greenwood 4,490 628,505.77
Hampton 1,436 304,145.38
Horry 9,076 1,126,168.12
Jasper 1,009 187,674.20
Kershaw 2,992 382,856.55
Lancaster 3,829 520,091.77
Laurens 4,308 475,947.98
Lee 1,297 212,365.29
Lexington 8,080 1,564,861.72
McCormick 583 80,441.13
Marion 1,945 258,707.14
Marlboro 1,954 204,722.28
Newberry 3,088 427,903.74
Oconee 4,291 430,952.20
Orangeburg 5,221 833,688.56
Pickens 6,203 733,246.67
Richland 12,561 2,118,017.97
Saluda 1,344 185,198.67
Spartanburg 15,393 2,751,134.00
Sumter 4,365 663,990.72
Union 2,663 387,599.28
Williamsburg 1,999 307,186.16
York 6,849 901,086.95
____________________________________________________________________________________________STATE TOTALS 203,933 29,297,869.79
TOTAL ALL 65 YRS.+ 65 YRS. +
COUNTY PERSONS TOTAL PERCENTAGE
Abbeville 23,862 3,520 14.8
Aiken 120,940 13,796 11.4
Allendale 11,722 1,486 12.7
Anderson 145,196 19,732 13.6
Bamberg 16,902 2,165 12.8
Barnwell 20,293 2,489 12.3
Beaufort 86,425 10,664 12.3
Berkeley 128,776 7,453 5.8
Calhoun 12,753 1,768 13.9
Charleston 295,039 29,881 10.1
Cherokee 44,506 5,778 13.0
Chester 32,170 4,293 13.3
Chesterfield 38,577 4,921 12.8
Clarendon 28,450 3,787 13.3
Colleton 34,377 4,394 12.8
Darlington 61,851 7,417 12.0
Dillon 29,114 3,565 12.2
Dorchester 83,060 6,136 7.4
Edgefield 18,375 2,250 12.2
Fairfield 22,295 3,041 13.6
Florence 114,344 12,723 11.1
Georgetown 46,302 5,954 12.9
Greenville 320,167 38,063 11.9
Greenwood 59,567 8,224 13.8
Hampton 18,191 2,249 12.4
Horry 144,053 18,229 12.7
Jasper 15,487 1,949 12.6
Kershaw 43,599 5,292 12.1
Lancaster 54,516 6,709 12.3
Laurens 58,092 7,805 13.4
Lee 18,437 2,269 12.3
Lexington 167,611 14,897 8.9
McCormick 8,868 1,162 13.1
Marion 33,899 4,240 12.5
Marlboro 29,361 3,753 12.8
Newberry 33,172 5,123 15.4
Oconee 57,494 7,905 13.7
Orangeburg 84,803 10,547 12.4
Pickens 93,894 10,484 11.2
Richland 285,720 27,133 9.5
Saluda 16,357 2,350 14.4
Spartanburg 226,800 28,785 12.7
Sumter 102,637 9,621 9.4
Union 30,337 4,494 14.8
Williamsburg 36,815 4,438 12.1
York 131,497 14,001 10.6
TOTAL 3,486,703 396,935 11.4
On motion of Rep. P. HARRIS, the Report was ordered printed in the Journal.
May 20, 1992
The Honorable Robert J. Sheheen
Speaker of the House
506 Blatt Building
Columbia, South Carolina 29201
Dear Mr. Speaker:
Pursuant to Act 196 of 1989 (Section 44-56-840(C)), enclosed please find the 1991 Annual Report of the Hazardous Waste Management Select Oversight Committee. The Act requires that the Committee report annually to the General Assembly on the expenditure of funds related to the Hazardous Waste Management Research Fund.
By copy of this letter, the report will be transmitted for publication in the House Journal.
/s/J. Verne Smith, Chairman
Hazardous Waste Management
Select Oversight Committee
Act 196 of 1989 amended the South Carolina Hazardous Waste Management Act to create the Hazardous Waste Management Research Fund (Fund). Funded by a portion of the disposal fees imposed upon generators of hazardous waste, the Fund must be used for research related to waste minimization and reduction as well as for the development of more effective and efficient methods of conducting governmental response actions at uncontrolled hazardous waste sites. The South Carolina Universities Research and Education Foundation (Foundation), comprised of the University of South Carolina, Clemson University, South Carolina State College, and the Medical University of South Carolina, is authorized to expend the Fund for research that meets the criteria outlined in the Act.
The Act also provided for a portion of the hazardous waste disposal fees to be used to fund hazardous waste minimization and reduction activities within the Department of Health and Environmental Control (DHEC). Pursuant to the Act, DHEC established the Center for Waste Minimization, a non-regulatory arm of the Department that provides technical assistance and information to business and industry in South Carolina.
II. THE HAZARDOUS WASTE MANAGEMENT SELECT OVERSIGHT COMMITTEE
The Act also created the Hazardous Waste Management Select Oversight Committee (Committee) which was charged with monitoring the use of funds and overseeing the research efforts and projects approved for funding by the Foundation. The Committee is comprised of ten members who are:
(1) the Governor or his designee;
(2) the Chairman of the House Agriculture, Natural Resources and Environmental Affairs Committee, or his designee;
(3) the Chairman of the House Labor, Commerce and Industry Committee, or his designee;
(4) the Chairman of the Senate Agriculture, Natural Resources and Environmental Affairs Committee, or his designee;
(5) the Chairman of the Senate Labor, Commerce and Industry Committee, or his designee;
(6) the Commissioner of the Department of Health and Environmental Control, or his designee;
(7) one representative of business and industry appointed by the Governor;
(8) one public member appointed by the Governor;
(9) one representative of environmental interests appointed by the Governor; and
(10) the Lieutenant Governor, or his designee.
The Chairman is selected by the members of the Committee. The Committee is required to meet quarterly and receives staff support from existing staff assigned by the Committee. The Committee is required to submit an annual report to the General Assembly on all funds monitored in accordance with the provisions of the Act.
The Committee held its first meeting of the year on April 16, 1991. Senator J. Verne Smith, Chairman, Senate Labor, Commerce and Industry Committee, continued as Chairman. Senator John C. Land was selected as Vice-Chairman of the Committee. Subsequent meetings of the Committee were held on August 6, October 16 and December 4, 1991, in accordance with the requirement of the Act that the Committee meet on a quarterly basis. At each meeting, the Committee received status reports relating to the expenditures of the Fund, the research activities conducted by the Foundation, and the progress and work of the Center for Waste Minimization at DHEC. The minutes of the Committee meetings are kept in the office of Senator J. Verne Smith, Suite 313, Gressette Building, and are available for public inspection.
III. EXPENDITURES OF THE HAZARDOUS WASTE MANAGEMENT RESEARCH FUND
The Foundation is required to submit an annual report to the Committee providing a full accounting for the expenditures of the Fund and the results realized from the research program. The annual report of the Foundation is included as "Attachment B," and is incorporated as part of this report. The report of the Foundation describes the research efforts and includes a financial report for the Fund. This report, and the Committee meeting minutes, provide an accounting on all funds monitored by the Committee for the period beginning January 1, 1991 and ending December 31, 1991.
IV. EXPENDITURES OF THE CENTER FOR WASTE MINIMIZATION
The Center received approximately $143,804.02 in fees for operation during calendar year 1991. Expenditures by the Center for 1991 totalled $137,975.48.
During 1991, the Center continued to develop into an easy-access source of waste minimization information and technical assistance. Total number of clients served increased from 100 served in FY 1991 to 200 served in FY 1992 (total of 300). The total number of on-sight assessments performed is up to 70 over the past two years.
The most significant change at the Center was the receipt of an EPA Pollution Prevention Grant. With the matching funds available through the Center's existing source of fee-generated revenue, the Center received a $300,000 grant for three years. This grant allows the Center to add two additional engineers to expand the technical assistance services of the Center, plus the ability to develop a waste minimization newsletter, a waste minimization training video and a study on integrating waste minimization into regulatory programs.
Efforts to implement the provisions of Act 196 have been successful. The research program, the procedures and protocols for expenditures of the Fund, and the research efforts that have been funded to date have been productive. In concert with the waste minimization activities of DHEC's Center for Waste Minimization, a strong foundation exists for assistance to business and industry in South Carolina in hazardous waste reduction and minimization efforts.
The Hazardous Waste Management Research Fund (HWMRF) was established by 1989 amendments to the South Carolina Hazardous Waste Act. In creating the Fund, the General Assembly sought to "...ensure the availability of funds for the conduct of research related to waste minimization and reduction and for the development of more effective and efficient methods of conducting governmental response actions at uncontrolled hazardous waste sites." Funding for this initiative is provided by a fee imposed upon generators of hazardous waste. Revenues generated by the fee are periodically transferred to the South Carolina Universities Research and Education Foundation.
 The South Carolina Universities Research and Education Foundation (SCUREF) was incorporated in 1988. The purpose of the Foundation is to allow The University of South Carolina, Clemson University, the Medical University of South Carolina and South Carolina State College to pool their resources and talents to develop special programs, technologies, and expertise to conduct research and enhance educational opportunities in the State of South Carolina. SCUREF is administered through a Board of Directors consisting of the Presidents of the four academic institutions.
Legislation authorizing the creation of the Fund called for the establishment of "a comprehensive research program to improve current hazardous waste management practices with particular emphasis on waste minimization and reduction and the development of more effective and efficient methods of conducting governmental response actions at abandoned or uncontrolled hazardous waste sites." Initiatives supported through the Hazardous Waste Management Research Fund are mandated to:
(1) have a direct and positive impact on waste minimization and reduction in this State;
(2) recommend strategies to deal effectively with major existing hazardous waste management problems in this State and to improve current hazardous waste management practices;
(3) examine and provide recommendations on cost-effective hazardous waste management techniques and new or emerging technologies for use in the public and private
sectors (including effective methods of cleaning up abandoned or uncontrolled hazardous waste sites);
(4) provide hazardous waste management education, training, and public information; and
(5) assess the impact of existing and emerging hazardous waste management practices on the public health and environment.
The HWMRF organizational structure is composed of a central unit, the Director of the Fund and relevant support staff, that handles the day to day operations of the Fund. In addition, the Director of the Fund is assisted by committees and panels to ensure that the Fund's mission and goals reflect the needs of South Carolina. The Director of the Fund is responsible to the Chief Operating Officer of SCUREF and its Board and to the Select Oversight Committee appointed by the Governor of South Carolina. Figure 1 illustrates the roles of these units:
The Director of the HWMRF and relevant support staff.
A Technical Advisory Committee, composed of representative from SCUREF universities and colleges, South Carolina industry, environmental groups representing statewide constituencies and the Department of Health and Environmental Control. The Committee has the responsibility for setting annual funding priorities and reviewing proposals with respect to those priorities.
A National Scientific Review Panel to serve as the primary evaluation mechanism for proposed HWMRF projects.
The Select Oversight Committee, created by action of the General Assembly, to review the activities and financial status of the Fund.
Membership on the HWMRF Technical Advisory Committee for 1991 included the following individuals:
Mr. Bill Buck, Allied Fibers
Mr. J. Walker Coleman, Medical University of South Carolina
Mr. Lynn Cooper, Michelin Tire Corporation
Dr. Tom Keinath, Clemson University
Dr. Mary Kelly, League of Women Voters
Mr. Jeff de Bessonet, Department of Health & Environmental Control
Mr. Harber McClearen, Select Oversight Committee
Mr. Harmon Shade, DuPont
Ms. Betty Spence, S.C. Wildlife Federation
Ms. Nancy Stone-Collum, Sierra Club
Dr. Tom Whitney, South Carolina State College
An approximate annual timetable for HWMRF activities is shown in Figure 2. The annual cycle begins with a September Conference. To ensure continuing responsiveness to issues and problems relating to hazardous waste in South Carolina and to ensure that funds are expended on high priority problems, the Fund reviews its funding priorities on an annual basis. Key elements of the review process include the following:
In the late Summer of each year, the members of the Technical Advisory Committee and staff may meet with principal investigators supported by the Fund to explore the implications of project results for future funding priorities.
In the Fall of each year, an open conference on hazardous waste reduction in South Carolina brings HWMRF principal investigators, South Carolina industry, environmental groups, state government and concerned citizens together to examine strategies for waste reduction and for solving the State's abandoned/uncontrolled site problem. Conference participants are provided with the opportunity to make suggestions for Fund strategies in the light of current knowledge and prevailing State problems.
Drawing on these processes, the Technical Advisory Committee establishes program priorities. This statement of program priorities serves as the basis for issuing the annual Call for Proposals in November. [See Attachment 1]
[Figure 1 is omitted from the web page version of this journal.]
Annual Timing Activity
September Annual statewide Conference on Hazardous Waste Reduction
October Technical Committee drafts statement of priorities for research and other activities
November Issue Annual Call for Proposals
January Proposals received and given preliminary review by HWMRF staff
February Proposals sent to National Review Panel and to Technical Advisory Committee
March Annual Report to Select Oversight Committee
National Review Panel reviews and recommendations forwarded to Technical Advisory Committee
HWMRF staff initiates Annual Conference planning
April Technical Committee completes final review of proposals and establishes ranks for funding
HWMRF staff conducts budget negotiations and makes awards based on Technical Committee rankings
August Projects start-up
__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ II. Progress in Waste Minimization: The Second Year
1991 Proposal Review Process
The HWMRF implemented the first formal review process of proposals in January, 1991. Each proposal is reviewed in two stages. In the first stage, reviews focus on the scientific and technical merit of the application. A National Scientific Review Panel, composed of representatives from a variety of disciplines around the country, was formed to review proposals for feasibility, scientific merit, and related criteria. Proposals judged to be sound on scientific or technical grounds enter into the second stage of the review process. In this stage, the HWMRF Technical Advisory Committee reviews proposals based on their potential contribution to ameliorating South Carolina's hazardous waste problems as identified in 1991 HWMRF funding priorities.
1991 - 1992 Projects
In response to the Call for Proposals, during 1991 the HWMRF received a total of 19 proposals from faculty at SCUREF institutions. The Technical Advisory Committee recommended 1991 -1992 support be given to 13 projects (68%). Following is a brief summary of HWMRF 1991 - 1992 funded projects by priority area.
I. Technology and Manufacturing Processes
Hazardous wastes in South Carolina can be reduced by applying solutions available in one industry to unsolved problems in another industry. The proposed research uses a combination of waste minimization audits and database analysis with a unit operations approach to classify problems or waste streams in SC industry and also to classify solutions, or available options. Preliminary results of this approach are given for the top 823 waste producers in SC and the associated 4031 waste streams and an example unit operation process solution is discussed. The unit operations approach to waste minimization and the proposed database developed in this research will allow the State to target and identify waste problems at the source that will have the greatest impact.
In cooperation with the State Development Board and the Department of Health and Environmental Control's Center for Waste Minimization, a graduate engineering student from the University of South Carolina will work with the Center and the Development Board to provide technical assistance, on-site assessments, and technological information to new and existing industries. The Development Board will incorporate this service as part of the package offered to prospective industries seeking to locate in South Carolina as well as to existing industries that are planning expansion of their operations in the State.
This is an innovative project to select an industry "champion", a firm which wishes to try out the latest in appropriate waste minimization procedures and technologies, to provide guidance of a recognized professional in the field, and to present the results as a series of collaborative seminars involving both the recognized expert and the industrial champion.
The industrial participant in this project is Meco USA, Inc., a metal-finishing and electroplating firm located in Rock Hill, South Carolina. Meco USA has instituted a number of waste minimization procedures under the direction of their waste management engineer. In Task 1, Meco USA will forward detailed information regarding their plant operations and processes, as well as information regarding the current waste reduction programs in place. Task 2 involves Meco USA implementing waste reduction recommendations deemed appropriate, followed by a two-day return visit to the plant. Task 3 encompasses the preparation and delivery of a day-long seminar at two locations in South Carolina by the project participants under the coordination of Clemson's Office of Continuing Engineering Education.
II. Education for South Carolina Industry
During the Summer of 1990, the HWMRF funded a study of selected South Carolina industry to determine how best to expend future research funds in the area of waste minimization (WM)/ pollution prevention. The results of the study indicated that medium to large-size industries are already aware of the favorable economic and regulatory advantages which accompany establishment and vigorous implementation of a WM program. However, small- to medium- size industries in general have made little progress in WM.
During 1991, the Continuing Engineering Education units at Clemson and USC presented five seminars of general interest in the areas of waste reduction in electroplating (three seminars) and printing (two seminars). During the fiscal 1991-92 year, additional seminars are planned in other target industrial categories. These seminars are intended to serve as a general introduction to waste minimization for each of these industrial categories. The attendance at the five workshops is shown in Figure 3.
TITLE DATE LOCATION ATTENDANCE
in the PrintingIndustry 6/19/91 Greenville 16
in the Printing Industry 6/20/91 Columbia 21
in the Electroplating
Industry 6/26/91 Greenville 41
in the Electroplating
Industry 6/27/91 Columbia 17
Waste Minimization in the
Electroplating Industry 6/28/91 Charleston 5
Total Attendance 100
The principal investigator of this project conducted a preliminary assessment of the need for a Council on Medical Waste in South Carolina. This group of experts would develop minimization and reduction strategies for the healthcare industry on a local, state, and national level.
III. Site Remediation
Practical solutions and innovative, cost-effective techniques are required to remediate ground water and subsurface sediment contaminant from various pollutants including hydrocarbons, solvents and pesticides. In situ bioremediation is particularly appealing because there is little perturbation of the environment, it is relatively cost-effective and often results in complete degradation of contaminants to mineral elements.
The U.S. Navy in cooperation with the U.S. Geological Survey proposes to restore a jet fuel contaminated aquifer in Hanahan, South Carolina using a combination of hydraulic containment and in situ bioremediation. This study proposes to examine microbial numbers, activities and concentrations of several contaminants in sediments and ground water as they change during the remediation project in order to identify the processes responsible for contaminant removal. This will improve system efficiency and be useful in predicting the potential application of in situ bioremediation at other sites. The Hanahan project provides a unique opportunity to South Carolina to develop expertise on in situ bioremediation. This is timely because South Carolina must both regulate, assess and implement the best technology for remediation of contamination at hazardous waste sites across the State.
This study will investigate the effects of biodegradation and the alteration of pH and ionic strength of aqueous media on the desorption of organic contaminants sorbed to soil. Emphasis will be placed on the effects on desorption rates of the labile (easily desorbable) fraction and on the magnitude of the nonlabile fraction. Two types of contaminants will be tested on two types of soils, and all contaminant/soil mixtures will be exposed to mineral solutions at two pH values and two ionic strengths in the presence and absence of biomass capable of mineralizing the contaminants. The effect of time of exposure of a soil to a contaminant on the removability of the contaminant will also be investigated. Times up to one year will be studied. All experiments will be performed in the lab in batch experiments. Mathematical models incorporating both biodegradation and sorption will be used to assess the effects of the treatments (pH, ionic strength, and biodegradation) on the rates of desorption and the magnitude of the nonlabile fraction. The results will be used to devise simple and effective strategies for improving both pump and treat and in situ remediation technologies by facilitating desorption of organic contaminants from soil.
Leaks of gasoline and industrial solvents from underground storage tanks and accidental spills pose a serious threat to subsurface water supplies in many parts of our country. In South Carolina alone, over 300 cases of groundwater contamination by gasoline and industrial solvents have been reported(South Carolina Department of Health and Environmental Control, 1988). At most contamination sites, pump-and-treat remediation practices alone are not effective in removing low solubility hydrocarbon contaminants which are typically present in groundwater as nonaqueous phase liquids (NAPLs). Based on previous work in the petroleum industry and ongoing work in our laboratory, alcohol flooding is being proposed as an alternative remediation technique.
The overall goal of this project is to determine if alcohol flooding can provide an effective technique for the remediation of hydrocarbon-contaminated groundwaters. This project focuses on laboratory investigations with packed soil columns. Laboratory results will be used in evaluating factors controlling the removal of hydrocarbon contaminants by alcohol flooding, and in determining preferred strategies for field application of alcohol flooding that are cost-effective and of minimal risk to the surrounding environment. Based on our finding, a subsequent proposal will be submitted to test the applicability of alcohol flooding in a pilot field study.
Many hazardous wastes sent to hazardous waste incinerators contain heavy metals. If these metals are emitted to the atmosphere, they can pose a threat to public health due to the toxicity of these metals, and in some cases, due to their carcinogenicity. Recent theoretical and field studies show that the emission of some metals is enhanced by the combustion of chlorinated wastes.
This project will investigate factors governing the emission and control of heavy metals through both theoretical and experimental approaches. In the theoretical phase, an equilibrium model will be developed to predict the chemical species of metals burned in the presence of chlorine. Also, a model for the formation of particles in flames will be initiated. In the experimental phase, an incinerator simulator will be constructed to use in studies of the emission and chemical speciation of heavy metals in liquid combustion.
South Carolina has two permitted hazardous waste incinerators that handle a significant fraction of the hazardous wastes from South Carolina and the southeastern U.S. In addition, cement kilns at two facilities currently burn large quantities of hazardous waste fuels. This effort will initiate research that can focus on the emissions of heavy metals from facilities in South Carolina. A better understanding of mechanisms determining the emission of heavy metals and of methods to control their emissions will lead to better operation and greater public confidence in hazardous waste facilities in South Carolina.
Incinerators play a prominent role in hazardous waste management, and can be expected to for some time. Incineration has been studied in the laboratory under many conditions. A number of field studies of incinerators have also been performed. These tests, by and large, have shown incineration to be a very safe and effective means of waste management. However, the practical application of incineration has not always been well received.
Once the trial burn is completed and the incinerator is permitted and operating, sampling of the stack emissions is normally not done, due to the expense. The possibility of continuously monitoring the emissions of an operating incinerator puts a whole different perspective on this problem. The objectives of this project are to review the literature concerning continuous monitoring of incinerators, communicate with researchers in the field, and then compile the state-of-the-art.
The goal of this project is to assess the feasibility of developing a proposal to study the health effects associated with hazardous waste incineration in South Carolina. Incinerators are an important means of destroying many hazardous waste products. However, the potential health effects of incinerator emissions have not been well studied. South Carolina has two hazardous waste incinerators, one medical waste incinerator, and a municipal waste incinerator. In addition, a very large regional municipal incinerator has been proposed. Thus, the assessment of feasibility of conducting human health studies around incinerators is of great importance.
The research team for the planning effort consists of people trained in epidemiology, biostatistics, environmental engineering, and preventive medicine. We plan to proceed by conducting an extensive literature search, communicating with experts in environmental epidemiology, developing survey instruments, and identifying appropriate data sources and analytical methods to be used for air quality modeling. We will also investigate appropriate methods for outcome analysis including geographical clustering of health events and their correlation with exposure measures.
The research team will write a proposal and have it reviewed by a panel of experts convened in Columbia. A final report will address the feasibility of conducting such studies and may include a completed proposal.
1991 Joint Conference on Hazardous Waste Reduction
The 1991 Joint Conference on Hazardous Waste Reduction was held in Columbia on September 19. The Conference brought together representatives of business, industry, government, environmental groups, universities and concerned citizens to examine more effective hazardous waste reduction and management strategies. Over 180 people from all over the State attended the Conference. Of those who attended, 26% were from Industry, 14% were from environmental groups, 18% were from government agencies, 12% represented graduate students, and 30% represented academia.
Presentations at this year's Conference included a session that highlighted the research efforts and technology aimed at remediating existing hazardous waste sites in South Carolina. An afternoon session explored the concepts related to incineration as a means of disposal of residual hazardous wastes. All of the panel participants in these sessions were principal investigators for the Fund.
Additional activities at the Conference included a case study session that profiled pollution prevention efforts of South Carolina Industry as well as a Pollution Prevention Roundtable. The roundtable provided a forum for industry and environmental representatives to discuss and share their ideas about pollution prevention. Like last year's Conference, participants were given the opportunity to identify South Carolina's priority hazardous waste problems to help shape the 1992 research agenda of the Fund.
1992 Program Priorities
In early November, following the 1991 Joint Conference on Hazardous Waste Reduction, the Technical Advisory Committee of the HWMRF established the 1992 HWMRF program priorities. Program priorities underwent incremental changes that resulted from research funding and suggestions by conference participants. These priorities were incorporated into the 1992 HWMRF Call for Proposals and 1992 Guidelines. In late November, the Call for Proposals was disseminated to faculty in the SCUREF institutions.
The 1992 Fund priorities again focused on three areas: waste reduction, waste management, and education. In the waste reduction area, the announcement recognizes that improving manufacturing technologies and processes to reduce the amount of hazardous wastes generated is a key step to pollution prevention. Specifically, the Fund is seeking proposals that develop University-Industry Partnerships to address critical industry needs in South Carolina, including (1)work that would synthesize knowledge about and evaluate substitute solvents for replacement of chlorofluorocarbons(CFCs); and (2) application of phase transfer techniques that will permit the recovery/recycling of hazardous substances. The Fund also called for technology demonstration and evaluation projects with a wide applicability to a large class of industrial hazardous waste generators.
The Fund is interested in innovative proposals that address new technology development, including those that (1)identify and develop substitute feedstocks; (2) seek to develop safe and effective substitutes for hazardous solvents; (3) seek to identify and develop processes for dealing with dilute waste streams; (4) seek to develop technologies to reduce levels of toxic emissions into the air; and (5) address waste reduction in the fibers industry. The Fund also encourages innovative projects that contribute to industrial recycling, reuse and waste exchange.
Proposals were also invited on several important social-institutional policy issues, including:
(1) Measurement of waste generation levels and changes;
(2) Analysis of the Toxic Use Reduction issue;
(3) Analysis of Incentives and Disincentives for Waste Reduction/Recycling;
(4) Analysis of the effect of JIT Manufacturing on Waste
(5) Analysis of policy options relating to out-of-state wastes in South Carolina; and
(6) Development of policy options for dealing with Household Hazardous Wastes.
In the area of waste management, the fund called for research addressing (1) the problem of remediating abandoned and uncontrolled sites, (2) in-situ remediation of soils and groundwater, and (3) incineration. With respect to the latter area, the announcement expressed particular interest in proposals addressing instrumentation for continuous emission monitoring and the feasibility of ambient air quality monitoring studies.
Finally, the Fund called for proposals to establish an aggressive educational outreach program that will inform South Carolina industries regarding effective strategies to reduce and manage hazardous wastes. The Fund is particularly interested in programs designed to reach small to middle sized industries in the State as well as supporting the development of a cost-effective waste reduction education program aimed at South Carolina workers. In addition, the Fund is interested in supporting a public educational effort that would contribute to the reduction and more effective management of household hazardous wastes.
1991 Governor's Pollution Prevention Award
The Fund worked with the Office of the Governor to include the Governor's Pollution Prevention Award as a part of the Conference proceedings for the second consecutive year. The Award is intended to recognize the achievements of South Carolina businesses and industries that have already exhibited outstanding commitment to protecting South Carolina's environment through innovative hazardous waste reduction and minimization practices.
Entries were judged by the Fund's Technical Advisory Committee. The committee evaluated entries based on criteria that included the amount of waste reduction achieved, documented cost savings, innovative pollution prevention benefits, commitment by management, and innovative remedial actions taken to correct problems caused by previous waste management activities.
Governor Campbell recognized the achievements of one South Carolina company that established a significant program to reduce the amount of hazardous waste it generates. Lieutenant Governor Nick Theodore presented the 1991 Governor's Pollution Prevention Award to T&S Brass and Bronze Works, Inc. of Travelers Rest at the 1991 Conference. Custom Cleaners Inc., of Spartanburg received an Honorable Mention Award.
The South Carolina 33/50 Industrial Assistance Project
The HWMRF has taken the lead in developing the South Carolina 33/50 Industrial Assistance Project. Through an EPA matching grant, the Fund will leverage HWMRF money to enable South Carolina's state-based pollution prevention program to expand and address pollution prevention from a multi-media approach, provide special training opportunities for companies, and assist companies participating in EPA's Industrial Toxics Project.
EPA's Industrial Toxics Project targets 17 specific chemicals that are reported and tracked in the Toxic Release Inventory (TRI). Through the "33/50 Program", the industrial toxics project seeks to reduce aggregate environmental releases of targeted chemicals by 33 percent by the end of 1992 and by at least 50 percent by 1995. To support the objectives of the national 33/50 program, the South Carolina 33/50 Industrial Assistance Project seeks to provide outreach, technical assistance, and basic research and development to selected South Carolina firms that elect to pursue 33/50 goals. To accomplish these objectives we propose to draw on the resources of the State's existing waste minimization program along with the educational, technical, and research capacities of our principal research universities.
Working Papers & Research Reports
One of the objectives of the HWMRF is to ensure that results of research and other programs are disseminated to industry throughout South Carolina. To meet that objective, the HWMRF Working Paper Series was created. The working papers consist of final HWMRF project reports as well as other research reports deemed as useful for publication and eventual dissemination.[See Attachment 2]
The attached financial report covers the period January 1, 1991 through December 31, 1991 and is hereby incorporated as part of this report.
Balance Forward, 1/1/91
Hazardous Waste Fees Collected and Transferred
Total Revenue Available
The SC 33/50 Project Match
Unobligated Balance as of 2/28/91
Expected Additional Revenue through 6/30/92
Estimated Balance Available for 92-93 Funding Cycle
* Detail provided on following page.
Hazardous Waste Management Control Center (Dobson, 4/15/90-9/30/92) 21100-G113*
Continuous Monitoring of Incinerator Emissions (Morse, 1/1/91-6/30/91) 21100-ZH01
Unit Operations Approach to Waste Minimization (Smith, 1/1/91-5/31/92) 21100-ZH02
HW Industrial Assistance Project
(Morse, 1/1/91-6/30/92) 21100-ZH03
Develop & Conduct 5 Workshops in Waste Minimization
(Snider, 1/1/91-6/30/92) 21100-ZH04
Emissions & Control of Heavy Metals from Hazardous Waste Incinerators
(Overcamp, 1/1/91-6/30/92) 21100-ZH05
Establishment of a Council on Medical Waste (Temple, 1/1/91-6/30/91) 21100-ZH06
Waste Management Reduction
(Hornsby, 1/1/91-6/30/92) 21100-ZH07
Remediation of Hydrocarbon
(Farley, 6/1/91-5/31/92) 21100-ZH08
Chemically & Biochemically Facilitated Removal of Organic Pollutants Sorbed to Soils
(Grady, 8/15/91-8/14/92) 21100-ZH09
Field Demonstration of IN SITU Bioremediation of Subsurface Jet Fuel Contamination
(Aelion, 8/15/91-8/14/92) 21100-ZH10
Health Effects Associated with Hazardous Waste Incineration
(Feigley, 6/1/91-1/31/92) 21100-ZH11
Waste Reduction in the Electroplating Industry (Snider, 7/1/91-6/30/92) 21100-ZH12
* Cumulative budget for 2.5 years. Average annual expenditure $66,131.20.
On motion of Rep. McLEOD, the report was ordered printed in the Journal.
The following Bills and Joint Resolution were taken up, read the third time, and ordered sent to the Senate.
H. 4871 -- Reps. Baxley, Glover, Neilson and Beasley: A BILL TO AMEND SECTION 7-7-210, CODE OF LAWS OF SOUTH CAROLINA, 1976, RELATING TO VOTING PRECINCTS IN DARLINGTON COUNTY, SO AS TO REVISE CERTAIN OF THESE VOTING PRECINCTS.
H. 4462 -- Rep. McLeod: A BILL TO AMEND ACT 643 OF 1980, AS AMENDED, RELATING TO THE ELECTION OF MEMBERS OF THE BOARD OF TRUSTEES FOR SUMTER COUNTY SCHOOL DISTRICT 2 AND TO AMEND ACT 741 OF 1990, RELATING TO THE ELECTION OF MEMBERS OF THE BOARD OF TRUSTEES FOR SUMTER COUNTY SCHOOL DISTRICT 17, SO AS TO REAPPORTION THE ELECTION AREAS FROM WHICH THESE TRUSTEES ARE ELECTED.
H. 4698 -- Rep. Phillips: A BILL TO AMEND TITLE 59, CODE OF LAWS OF SOUTH CAROLINA, 1976, RELATING TO EDUCATION, BY ADDING CHAPTER 58 SO AS TO PROVIDE FOR THE LICENSURE OF CERTAIN NONPUBLIC POST-SECONDARY EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS AND TO REPEAL CHAPTERS 46 AND 59 OF TITLE 59, RELATING TO DEGREE-GRANTING NONPUBLIC EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS AND TO PROPRIETARY SCHOOLS RESPECTIVELY.
H. 4827 -- Reps. R. Young, Holt and Gonzales: A JOINT RESOLUTION TO DESIGNATE THAT PORTION OF INTERSTATE I-26 IN NORTH CHARLESTON, SOUTH CAROLINA, AS THE "JOHN E. BOURNE, JR. HIGHWAY".
H. 4837 -- Rep. McAbee: A BILL TO DIRECT THE DEPARTMENT OF HIGHWAYS AND PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION TO CLOSE AND REMOVE FROM THE STATE HIGHWAY SYSTEM A PORTION OF HIGHWAY 31 LOCATED IN MCCORMICK COUNTY.
The following Bills were taken up, read the third time, and ordered returned to the Senate with amendments.
S. 1361 -- Senators Giese, Reese and Lourie: A BILL TO AMEND THE CODE OF LAWS OF SOUTH CAROLINA, 1976, BY ADDING CHAPTER 38, TITLE 44 SO AS TO ENACT THE SOUTH CAROLINA HEAD AND SPINAL CORD INJURY INFORMATION SYSTEM ACT ESTABLISHING THE SOUTH CAROLINA HEAD AND SPINAL CORD INJURY INFORMATION SYSTEM WHICH CREATES A CENTRAL INFORMATION SURVEILLANCE AND REGISTRY SYSTEM, BY ESTABLISHING A COUNCIL TO THE SYSTEM, TO PROVIDE FOR THE MEMBERS OF THE COUNCIL AND TO PROVIDE FOR THEIR POWERS AND DUTIES, TO REQUIRE REPORTING OF CERTAIN PATIENT INFORMATION RELATED TO HEAD AND SPINAL CORD INJURIES, TO PROVIDE FOR CONFIDENTIALITY AND PROCEDURES FOR OBTAINING RELEASE OF INFORMATION AND CONSENT, TO PROVIDE PENALTIES, TO PROVIDE FOR AN IMPLEMENTATION DATE, TO PROVIDE FOR THE TEMPORARY PLACEMENT AND STAFFING OF THE SYSTEM AT THE INTERAGENCY OFFICE OF DISABILITY PREVENTION WITHIN THE STATE DEPARTMENT OF MENTAL RETARDATION, AND TO PROVIDE THAT FUNDING FOR THE FIRST TWO YEARS MUST BE PROVIDED BY A GRANT FROM THE CENTER FOR DISEASE CONTROL RECEIVED BY THE INTERAGENCY OFFICE OF DISABILITY PREVENTION.
S. 1526 -- Senator Matthews: A BILL TO DIRECT THE SOUTH CAROLINA DEPARTMENT OF HIGHWAYS AND PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION TO DELETE A PORTION OF THE OLD UNITED STATES ROUTES 15 AND 301 IN ORANGEBURG COUNTY FROM THE STATE HIGHWAY SYSTEM AND TO TRANSFER THIS PORTION OF THE ROAD TO THE SOUTH CAROLINA PUBLIC SERVICE AUTHORITY.
The following Bills were read the third time, passed and, having received three readings in both Houses, it was ordered that the title of each be changed to that of an Act, and that they be enrolled for ratification.
S. 1437 -- Agriculture and Natural Resources Committee: A BILL TO AMEND SECTION 46-49-10, CODE OF LAWS OF SOUTH CAROLINA, 1976, RELATING TO DEFINITIONS PERTAINING TO THE SUPERVISION AND REGULATION OF MILK AND MILK PRODUCTS, SO AS TO DELETE THE DEFINITIONS OF "SUBSIDIARY", "AFFILIATE", "BOOKS AND RECORDS", AND "COSTS"; AND TO REPEAL SECTION 46-49-30 RELATING TO THE AUTHORITY OF THE DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE AND THE DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENTAL CONTROL REGARDING MILK PURCHASING PLANS AND PRODUCERS' MILK BASES AND SECTION 46-49-50 RELATING TO THE REQUIREMENTS TO MAINTAIN RECORDS AND FILE REPORTS FOR PERSONS LICENSED TO SELL MILK.
S. 1527 -- Senator Matthews: A BILL TO DIRECT THE SOUTH CAROLINA DEPARTMENT OF HIGHWAYS AND PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION TO REMOVE FROM THE STATE HIGHWAY SYSTEM THAT PORTION OF ROAD S-38-733 WITHIN THE CAMPUS OF DANTZLER MIDDLE SCHOOL IN ORANGEBURG COUNTY.
The following Bill was taken up, read the second time, and ordered to a third reading:
H. 4873 -- Reps. Gonzales, D. Williams, H. Brown, G. Bailey, Whipper, Hallman, Fulmer, R. Young, Holt, Rama, D. Martin, Barber, A. Young, J. Bailey, Wofford, J. Williams and Inabinett: A BILL TO AMEND TITLE 13, CODE OF LAWS OF SOUTH CAROLINA, 1976, RELATING TO PLANNING, RESEARCH, AND DEVELOPMENT, BY ADDING CHAPTER 12 SO AS TO ESTABLISH THE TRIDENT ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT FINANCE AUTHORITY, AND PROVIDE FOR ITS POWERS, DUTIES, METHODS OF GOVERNANCE, AND FINANCING.
At 10:50 A.M. the House in accordance with the ruling of the SPEAKER adjourned to meet at 12:00 Noon, Tuesday, May 26.
This web page was last updated on Tuesday, June 30, 2009 at 8:47 A.M.