Current Status Introducing Body:
HouseBill Number: 3417Primary Sponsor: Cobb-HunterCommittee Number: 26Type of Legislation: GBSubject: Building CodesResiding Body: HouseCurrent Committee: Labor, Commerce and IndustryComputer Document Number: 436/12890AC.93Introduced Date: 19930204Last History Body: HouseLast History Date: 19930204Last History Type: Introduced, read first time, referred to CommitteeScope of Legislation: StatewideAll Sponsors: Cobb-Hunter Scott Inabinett Byrd Neal Breeland Waites Whipper JenningsType of Legislation: General Bill
Bill Body Date Action Description CMN Leg Involved ____ ______ ____________ ______________________________ ___ ____________ 3417 House 19930204 Introduced, read first time, 26 referred to CommitteeView additional legislative information at the LPITS web site.
TO AMEND CHAPTER 9, TITLE 6, AS AMENDED, CODE OF LAWS OF SOUTH CAROLINA, 1976, RELATING TO BUILDING CODES, SO AS TO REVISE THE REQUIREMENTS FOR THE CODES, COUNTIES, AND MUNICIPALITIES, REVISE THE MEMBERSHIP OF THE BUILDING CODES COUNCIL, REVISE PENALTIES, PROVIDE FOR DUTIES OF THE STATE FIRE MARSHAL AND DEPUTY FIRE MARSHALS, AND PROVIDE FOR LIMITED APPLICATION OF THE CHAPTER; AND TO AMEND THE 1976 CODE BY ADDING CHAPTER 8 TO TITLE 6 SO AS TO PROVIDE FOR BUILDING CODES ENFORCEMENT OFFICERS.
Be it enacted by the General Assembly of the State of South Carolina:
SECTION 1. Chapter 9, Title 6 of the 1976 Code is amended to read:
Section 6-9-10. The governing body of any incorporated municipality or county All municipalities, as defined by Section 5-1-20, and counties in this State is authorized to shall adopt building, housing, electrical, plumbing, and mechanical, gas, and fire codes, referred to as building codes in this chapter, relating to the construction, livability, sanitation, erection, installation of equipment, alteration, repair, occupancy, or removal of buildings and structures located within its jurisdiction their jurisdictions and promulgate regulations to implement the codes their enforcement. The municipality or county may adopt only the national, regional, or model codes provided in Section 6-9-50.
The codes and the implementing regulations may embrace matters such as the preparation and submission of plans and specifications; the issuance of permits; standards governing the kind, quality, and performance of materials, equipment, and workmanship; the establishment of fire zones; fireproofing; means of egress and ingress; floor-area-per-occupant requirements; sanitary facilities and proceedings for the correction of unsafe, unsanitary, or inadequate structures.
The codes and regulations may only be adopted by reference to national, regional, or model codes listed in Section 6-9-60 and to certain special provisions approved by the South Carolina Building Code Council. Nothing in these codes or regulations may extend to or be construed as being applicable to the regulation of the design, construction, location, installation, or operation of equipment or facilities used in the generation, transmission, distribution, or communication of a public or private utility or electric or telephone membership cooperatives, other than buildings used primarily for offices or residential housing nor to equipment or facilities already subject to regulation by the Liquefied Petroleum Gas Board.
With the exception of structures used primarily for offices, storage, warehouses, shop areas, or residential housing, nothing in the building codes or regulations applies to a public utility corporation subject to regulation by the authorities of the South Carolina Public Service Commission or the Liquefied Petroleum Gas Board.
Section 6-9-20. County Municipalities and municipal bodies are authorized to counties may establish regional agreements with other political subdivisions of the State to issue building construction permits and enforce building, electrical, plumbing, gas, housing, and other codes in order to provide the services required in this chapter and more effectively carry out the provisions of this chapter.
Section 6-9-30. The county and municipal governing bodies may appoint building, electrical, plumbing, gas, and housing inspectors and employ other assistants as they may consider necessary and may prescribe fees or charges for permits and inspections. All counties shall appoint a building official or contract with other political subdivisions as authorized in Section 6-9-20 so that the total county area is under the jurisdiction of a building official. Municipalities may appoint a building official or contract with the county building official within the municipal limits. Based on the needs established by each municipality or county, the building official or appointing authority may appoint and employ other personnel and assistants necessary to perform the required inspections and duties and may prescribe fees for construction permits and inspections. The appointment of a building official and the establishment of a building inspection program for all municipalities and counties must be accomplished according to the following dates and populations based on the population figures of the latest official United States Census:
(1) municipalities and counties with a population above 50,000: July 1, 1992;
(2) municipalities and counties with a population of 25,000 to 50,000: July 1, 1993;
(3) municipalities and counties with a population under 25,000: July 1, 1994.
Section 6-9-40. Prior to adoption of any of the codes or regulations permitted in this chapter, the governing body shall hold public hearings on the codes or regulations. Not less than fifteen days' notice of the time and place of the hearings must be published in a newspaper of general circulation in the county. The building codes and standards referenced in Section 6-9-50 must be adopted within six months after the establishment of a building inspection department. State agency adoption of a building code or regulation permitted by this chapter must be accomplished in accordance with the Administrative Procedures Act.
Section 6-9-50. County governing bodies have the authority to establish codes and promulgate regulations under this chapter for the entire unincorporated area of the county or for any specified portion of the unincorporated area. Municipalities and counties shall adopt by reference only the latest editions of the following nationally known codes and the standards referenced in the codes for regulation of construction within their respective jurisdictions: Standard Building Code, Standard Gas Code, Standard Plumbing Code, Standard Mechanical Code, and the Standard Fire Prevention Code, as published by the Southern Building Code Congress International, Inc., and the National Electrical Code, as published by the National Fire Protection Association. The appendixes of the codes provided in this section may be adopted as needed by a municipality or county, but this fact must be referenced by name or letter designation in the adoption ordinance.
Section 6-9-60. Municipalities or and counties are authorized to may adopt by reference only the latest editions of the following nationally known codes and the standards referenced in the codes for regulation of construction within their respective jurisdictions: Standard Building Code, Standard Housing Code, Standard Gas Code, Standard Plumbing Code, Standard One and Two Family Dwelling Code, Standard Mechanical Code, Standard Fire Prevention Code, Standard Existing Buildings Code, Standard Swimming Pool Code, the Standard Excavation and Grading Code, National Electrical Code, and National Fire Protection Association Gas Codes as published by the Southern Building Code Congress International, Inc., and the One and Two Family Dwelling Code, as published by the Council of American Building Officials. The appendixes of the codes provided in this section may be adopted as needed by a municipality or county, but this fact must be referenced by name or letter designation in the adopting ordinance.
Should any city, town, If a municipality or county contend contends that the codes authorized by this chapter do not meet its needs due to local physical or climatological conditions, the variations and modifications must be submitted for approval to a the South Carolina Building Code Codes Council of thirteen members which is established in this section. Members of this the council must be appointed by the Governor for terms of four years each and until a successor is appointed and qualified. The council shall include an architect registered in South Carolina, representatives from the Municipal Association of South Carolina, and the South Carolina Association of Counties, the Building Officials' Association of South Carolina, South Carolina Building Trade Council, a municipal certified building official, a county certified building official, a representative from of the electric utility electrical industry who is either an engineer or master electrician registered in South Carolina, a representative of the Carolinas Branch of the Associated General Contractors of America, Inc., representatives from the gas, electric, and plumbing industries, a representative of the Home Builders Association of South Carolina, a general contractor, a residential home builder licensed in South Carolina, a handicapped person, and the Chief Engineer of the State Budget and Control Board four consumers one of whom must be a representative of the South Carolina Low Income Housing Coalition and none of whom may be engaged in any business which might be affected by the administration or enforcement of the codes including construction, management, and maintenance of buildings, a representative of the mechanical and gas industries who is either an engineer registered in South Carolina or a master mechanic, a representative of the plumbing industry who is either an engineer registered in South Carolina or a master plumber, a representative designated by the Chief Engineer of the State Budget and Control Board, a structural engineer registered in South Carolina, a certified building inspector, and a representative designated by the State Fire Marshal. At least one member of the council must be a member of each of the congressional districts, to be appointed, if positions become vacant, in the order provided below or as resignations occur. A vacancy must be filled in the manner of the original appointment for the unexpired portion of the term. The primary function of the council is to decide to what extent any a jurisdiction may vary from the series of codes listed in this section chapter in the establishment of construction standards. The council shall monitor the adoption of building codes by cities municipalities and counties to insure compliance with this chapter.
Of the members initially appointed by the Governor, four shall serve for terms of two years, four shall serve for four years, and five shall serve for terms of six years. After the initial appointment, all appointments are for terms of six years.
Members of the council shall receive mileage, subsistence, and per diem as provided for other state boards, committees, or commissions for attendance at board meetings called by the chairman. The Division of General Services of the State Budget and Control Board shall provide personnel for enforcement of the laws and regulations of the South Carolina Building Code Codes Council and shall employ and supervise personnel necessary to carry out the its duties of the council
Within thirty days after its appointment the council shall meet on call by the Chief Engineer of the State Budget and Control Board. The council shall elect from its appointive members a chairman, vice-chairman, and secretary. The council shall adopt regulations not inconsistent with this chapter. Meetings may be called by the chairman on his own initiative and must be called by him at the request of three or more members of the council. All members must be notified by the chairman in writing of the time and place of meeting at least seven days in advance of the meeting. Seven members constitute a quorum. All meetings are open to the public. At least two-thirds vote of those members in attendance at the meeting constitutes an official decision of the council.
Section 6-9-65. (A) For purposes of this section, `farm structure' means a structure which is constructed on a farm, other than a residence or a structure attached to it, for use on the farm, including, but not limited to, barns, sheds, and poultry houses, but not public livestock areas. For purposes of this section, `farm structure' does not include a structure originally qualifying as a `farm structure' but later converted to another use or one that is used by the public on a regular basis.
(B) The governing body of a county or municipality may not enforce that portion of any a nationally recognized building code it has adopted which regulates the construction or improvement of a farm structure. Standards for flood plain management by the Southern Building Code Congress International apply.
(C) The provisions of this section do not apply unless prior to before constructing a farm structure the person owning the property on which the structure is to be constructed files an affidavit with the county or municipal official responsible for enforcing the building code stating that the structure is being constructed as a farm structure. The affidavit must include a statement of purpose or intended use of the proposed structure or addition.
(D) This section does not affect the authority of the governing body of a county or municipality to issue building permits prior to before the construction or improvement of a farm structure.
Section 6-9-70. The violation of any of the codes or regulations adopted pursuant to the provisions of this chapter is declared to be a misdemeanor, and any A person violating the building codes or regulations adopted pursuant to the provisions of this chapter is guilty of a misdemeanor and, upon conviction, must be punished by a fine fined not to exceed one more than two hundred dollars or imprisonment of imprisoned for not more than thirty days, or both. Each day the violation continues is a separate offense.
Section 6-9-80. In case of any For a violation of or proposed violation of the building codes or regulations adopted pursuant to this chapter, the South Carolina Building Code Codes Council, the local building inspectors officials, municipal or county attorneys, or other appropriate authority authorities of the a political subdivision, or any an adjacent or neighboring property owner who would be damaged by the violation may, in addition to other remedies, may apply for injunctive relief, mandamus, or other appropriate proceeding to prevent, correct, or abate the violation or threatened violation.
Section 6-9-90. County or municipal governing bodies are authorized to may appropriate and expend funds to implement the provisions of this chapter.
Section 6-9-100. The provisions of this chapter are cumulative to other authority of counties and municipalities local ordinances and do not limit the authority of counties and or municipalities.
A city or county that has adopted any of the national, regional, or model codes or any other code prior to May 1, 1982, may continue its use.
Section 6-9-110. In no event may any A county, municipal, or other local ordinance or regulation which requires the purchase or acquisition of a permit, license, or other device utilized to enforce any a building standard be construed to does not apply to any a state department, institution, or agency permanent improvement project, construction project, renovation project, or property. After successful completion of all requirements, the State Fire Marshal shall certify personnel of the Chief Engineer's Office of the State Budget and Control Board designated by the Chief Engineer. The certified personnel and deputy state fire marshals have exclusive jurisdiction over state buildings, excluding schools, in the exercise of the powers and jurisdictional authority of the State Fire Marshal under Sections 23-9-30, 23-9-40, and 23-9-50.
Section 6-9-120. Nothing in this chapter affects water or sewer systems in this State.
Section 6-9-130. Nothing in this chapter limits or modifies the powers and jurisdictional authority of the Commissioner of Labor.
Section 6-9-140. No action for enforcement of a building code provision or standard may result in the displacement of an owner, renter, lessee, or other lawful occupant of a residential structure unless there is available to that person substantially equivalent or better decent, safe, and affordable housing at a substantially equivalent cost and within reasonable proximity to the dwelling with respect to which the enforcement action is taking place."
SECTION 2. Title 6 of the 1976 Code is amended by adding:
Section 6-8-10. When used in this chapter `building codes enforcement officer' means a person employed by a public entity responsible in whole or part for the inspection or enforcement of applicable building code requirements within the jurisdiction of the employer.
Section 6-8-20. (A) The South Carolina Building Codes Council is responsible for the registration of building codes enforcement officers pursuant to this chapter. The council or its designated representatives may conduct hearings and proceedings required by law or considered necessary by the council. The Division of General Services of the State Budget and Control Board shall employ and supervise personnel necessary for the administration of this chapter. The council may promulgate regulations for the proper enforcement of this chapter and may prescribe fees or charges necessary to implement its provisions.
(B) The council shall keep a record of its hearings and proceedings and a register of applications for the certificates of registration showing the date of application, name, qualifications, and addresses of the business and residence of the applicant and whether the certificate is approved or denied. The council shall publish biannually during odd-numbered years the applications in the register which are approved. Applicants and registrants shall notify the council of changes in required information within ten days of a change.
Section 6-8-30. Certificates of registration may be issued without examination to building codes enforcement officers employed in codes enforcement on the effective date of this chapter only for the position and locality held at the time of registration pursuant to this section. This registration is valid for two years and may be renewed.
Section 6-8-40. No person may practice as a codes enforcement officer in this State unless registered as provided in this chapter. A person violating the provisions of this chapter is guilty of a misdemeanor and, upon conviction, must be punished in the discretion of the court. Each violation is a separate offense.
Section 6-8-50. If the council has reason to believe that a person is violating or intends to violate a provision of this chapter, in addition to other remedies, it may order the person immediately to refrain from the conduct. The council may apply to the court of common pleas for an injunction restraining the person from the conduct. The court may issue a temporary injunction ex parte not to exceed ten days and upon notice and full hearing may issue other orders in the matter it considers proper. No bond is required of the council by the court as a condition to the issuance of an injunction or order pursuant to this section.
Section 6-8-60. (A) A person desiring to be registered as a building codes enforcement officer as required by this chapter shall apply upon a form prescribed by the council.
(B) An applicant shall furnish satisfactory proof to the council of valid certification by a recognized code organization or testing agency in the general or special capacity in which he desires to be registered. Special certificates of registration authorize the registrant to practice in the named specialty only. General certificates of registration are not restricted. The council or its designated representatives shall review the guidelines employed by the organization or agency in order to determine their continued compatibility with the requirements considered by the council to be consistent with this chapter.
(C) A local jurisdiction may impose additional requirements upon a person employed as a building codes enforcement officer in its jurisdiction.
Section 6-8-70. A certificate of registration is valid for two years and expires on July 1 of each odd-numbered year unless renewed before that date. A person failing to make timely renewal of his certificate is not registered unless qualified in the manner provided for new registrants and may not practice until registered in accordance with this chapter."
SECTION 3. The public policy of South Carolina is to maintain reasonable standards of construction in buildings and other structures in the State consistent with the public health, safety, and welfare of its citizens. To secure these purposes a person performing building codes enforcement must be certified by the South Carolina Building Codes Council, and this act is necessary to provide for certification.
SECTION 4. This act takes effect upon approval by the Governor.